Buffalo Diet and Types of Buffalo

Types of Buffelo

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Different Types of Buffalo

There are different buffalo: the water buffalo, the cape buffalo and the American buffalo. However, there is an argument that the latter can be considered a true buffalo breed.


The buffalo is the largest of the Bovida family and is currently the largest buffaloes. The water buffaloes weighs between 1,500 and 2,650 pounds and stands on 5 to 6.2 feet of the shoulder. Males of this species have horns that can grow up to 5 meters wide. They live in swamps and swamps in tropical or southern forests of Asia. The species is currently endangered and lives in the least protected areas of Nepal, India, Bhutan and Thailand.


Caps buffaloes (Sense coffee) is also sometimes called African buffalo because it occurs in sub-Saharan Africa. It is suspected that there are two subdivisions: Savannah and the forest species. Savannah species range in size from 1,000 to 2,000 and are black or dark brown with closed horns. Forest species have a reddish-brown coat, smaller than Savana, and have up and back horns.


The American buffaloes is 5 to 6 meters tall and can weigh between 800 and 2,000 pounds. As a result, they often live in pastures, fields, or river valleys, but some are sometimes found in forests. They once lived in North America, but their numbers have dwindled due to overcrowding and environmental degradation, but by 1900 they were less than 1,000. But they can still be found only in national parks and private lands.

African Buffalo

In sub-Saharan Africa, thousands of African buffaloes are worried about an epidemic, a reward for hunters and an angry reservoir.

Cape Buffaloes is one of the most common species of buffaloes in Africa. They are distinguished by the color, size, and even shape of the horn. There are also bush buffalo, West African Savana buffalo and Central African.

Savana Buffalo

Occasionally, buffaloes eat grass when they do not return to their game – and more. It forms their food in abundance. Buffaloes bite like cows to get more nutrients.

Buffaloes and bison are not the same animal. It is not clear how this wrong name came about, but the first American settlers thought it was called “buffalo” bison, so the same – big, brown, swollen grazing animals – but the two animals actually came. From a sub-family of different animals. They have a bearded buffaloes, and they don’t have fans.

The mindset of the herd

African buffaloes live and thrive in many habitats – from semi-arid forests along the coast of Savannah to rainforests – to water sources. Ungulate found in southwestern Ethiopia and throughout Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi, and is widespread throughout Angola, Mozambique and Swaziland. It is also found in countries such as Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin and southern Burkina Faso.

Buffaloes often covered in mud by the bird on its back. Clay buffalo helps to remove ticks and parasites from their skin. For example, birds, such as bull flies, climb on the backs of buffaloes and feed on lice, fleas, and other parasites.

Buffaloes spends most of its year in the herd of 50 to 500 herds, but during the rainy season, there are only 1,000 in the serenity. Gathering in such large groups helps to chase predators such as lions, leopards, hyenas and African wild dogs. Older male buffaloes, on the other hand, often breed in small groups or alone. Meanwhile, calves are breastfed for up to a year and a half and are completely dependent on their mothers during this time.

People, crops and cattle

As numbers dwindle, African buffaloes thought to be on verge of extinction, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. According to ICN, there are about 400,000 adult buffalo in Africa.

They face security challenges, including dispersal and conflict with people due to size and violence. In East Africa, buffaloes known for tearing down fences and cutting down crops. They can also spread diseases among animals, including foot and mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis. The opposite is also true. In the 19th century, European cattle brought in bitumen – almost always a deadly virus to bees in Africa, causing some buffaloes to fall across the continent.

Buffalo sometimes used for wild meat.


The American buffaloes is really useless. Early settlers and explorers in North America called them buffalo because they looked like them, but they were completely different. The buffaloes belongs to the Bovidae family, which is a family of the same species of buffaloes, but with cattle and goats. Many people believe that it is wrong to call the American buffaloes a real buffalo.


Buffalo Diet 

About the buffalo diet, they are herbaceous plants. Their main source of food is grass. Some buffalo species also feed on other plants. For example, the Asian water buffaloes eats aquatic plants.

Buffaloes chew their food well to break down the fiber in plants. The digestive system contains enzymes that can chemically break down cellulose, the main component of plant cells.

Buffaloes also need a lot of water. As a result, most species of buffalo, such as the Asian water buffalo, live near water sources.

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