Exercise: The benefits of exercise
The benefits of exercise
exercise Physical activity is beneficial for the body for many reasons beyond the old ones. Regular physical activity of moderate or vigorous intensity markedly reduces the risk of dying from heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer and other diseases. Recent research has revealed new ways that regular exercise reduces the risk of heart disease and cancer, helps control diabetes, and even makes learning easier. However, sitting too long can negate some of the health benefits of regular exercise.
We all know that we should exercise. But few of us are aware that their practice, is the most important thing that most of us can do to improve or maintain our health. Regular movement not only lowers the risk of suffering or dying from heart disease, stroke or diabetes, but also prevents certain types of cancer, improves mood, strengthens bones and muscles, increases lung capacity., reduces the risk of falls and fractures, and helps maintain body weight. And these are just some of the best-known effects.
In recent years, numerous investigations have further expanded the list of benefits. Among other aspects, exercise seems to increase intellectual capacity (specifically, to carry out tasks that require attention, organization and planning), reduces symptoms of depression and anxiety in some people, and enhances the ability of the immune system to detect and defend against certain types of cancer. In addition, a further step is being taken in describing the positive effects that occur at the cellular and molecular scales in certain diseases, such as atherosclerosis and diabetes.
Benefits of physical exercise
Physical exercise has many advantages for physical, mental and social health. It can be practiced by everyone, regardless of age and condition. Playing sports can also help prevent cancer and improve mood and quality of life in people who have been diagnosed with a cancer disease. This article reviews the benefits of physical exercise.
What is physical exercise?
Sport is one of the activities with the greatest positive impact to protect health and prevent disease. The benefits of physical exercise are numerous and varied, and its relationship to physical, mental, and social health is well established.
Before entering the field should distinguish physical activity of the exercise. The physical activity is any kind of movement that makes a person (like carrying the shopping bag). The exercise is a movement made in the context of a structured, for a certain time, a certain technique and pursuing program.
What are the advantages of doing sports?
1.It tones the muscles and maintains the proper functioning of the tendons and joints.
2.Regulates heart rate and helps the heart work more efficiently (pump blood properly with fewer beats).
3.Lowers cholesterol and keeps arteries clean and flexible (prevents arteriosclerosis). Therefore, blood can circulate more and faster when the body needs it.
4.Reduces high blood pressure.
5.Playing sports also improves respiratory function and oxygenation of the brain.
6.Regulates excess weight and increases calorie burn. That is why it prevents obesity and, consequently, the risk of having type II diabetes.
7.It contributes to eliminate toxins from the body. That makes it a protective factor against cancer.
8.It helps to have more energy to face the activities of daily life.
9.Reduces the impact of stress on physical and psychological health.
10.It helps to be more relaxed and sleep better (especially if it is practiced in the middle of the day: at noon or in the early afternoon).
11.It facilitates social relationships and conflict resolution, especially sports that are practiced as a team. Among the values in which they educate sports such as soccer are social inclusion and cooperation.
12.Maintains a positive mood, because of endorphins. Reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression.
13.Increases defenses against numerous diseases.
14.All this contributes to lengthening life expectancy.
Who can practice physical exercise?
Exercise has different forms and intensities, and each person can find the one that suits their priorities: lose weight, increase muscle tone, improve cardiovascular function, regain mobility, etc. In general, 30 minutes a day of moderate physical exercise is recommended at least 5 days a week.
It is also important to do warm- up exercises, stretch before and after, and drink plenty of water or isotonic drinks. Likewise, if sports practice is intense, it is advisable to wait a few hours after eating.
Before starting a physical exercise program, it is advisable to have a medical check-up, especially if you are over 35 years old or if you suffer from a major illness (diabetes, asthma, myocarditis, etc.). The sports doctor is the one who advises on the most appropriate type of exercise for each, according to their physical condition and goals.