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Salahuddin Ayubi

Salahuddin Ayubi: From the minister of the Shiite Fatimee caliph to the hero of the Crusades

On the occasion of the conquest of Jerusalem, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi refuted any speculation that might be based on events in the city in the past, and therefore in the same Europe where he was assassinated in His time. Thirst and children of satan! It has been said that he achieved hero status in the 20th and 21st centuries.

It was Friday, October 2nd, 1187 when the “religious capital” and most controversial city in the world, Jerusalem, was ruled again by Muslims under the leadership of Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi after almost nine decades. . The era of

The Aubrey flag was hoisted on the city walls and work began to remove symbols of Christianity from religious sites. Exactly 833 years ago this night of October 2nd was also the night of the ascent.

Jerusalem was handed over to Muslims not as a result of the war, but as the result of an agreement between the city’s Christian organizers and Salahuddin Ayubi after a siege. Any resident of the city can move freely in a different Christian area by paying the agreed amount. People who were concerned about possible oppression in the past now wondered where to find the money to buy their freedom.

Citizens continued paying for many weeks on October 2nd. Those who could not pay kept asking for help and thousands of them were personally assisted by Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi himself and his brother Saifuddin who paid their ransom and many poor people were helped by the city’s elders Christian leaders. Asked to be paid with no ransom.

Historian Jonathan Phillips writes in his book The Life and Legend of Sultan Sladen (Salahuddin) about the life of Sultan Salahuddin that “the Christian citizens of Jerusalem could not see what they were expecting”. During the Muslim siege, the women of Jerusalem cut their hair so as not to be seen by the soldiers of the victorious army, but Phillips writes that after completing the conquest and conquest of Jerusalem, Sultan Salahuddin specifically showed compassion for women in the what he was famous for … The question arises, that his passion was true. It seems that it was. They could have sold them or given them to their soldiers.

On the occasion of the conquest of Jerusalem, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi refuted any speculation that might be based on events in the city in the past, and therefore in the same Europe where he was assassinated in His time. Children who thirst for Satan! That said, there was also hero status in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Salahuddin Ayubi
Salahuddin Ayubi

It was the same Jerusalem whose bodies were everywhere when the Crusaders invaded Jerusalem after their conquest in 1099, and no man, woman, or child was safe from the swords of the conquerors. In his book Islamic Empires: 15 Cities Describing Civilization, author Justin Marozi describes the city after the Crusades, referring to Christian sources in the chapter on Jerusalem. He cited the testimony of one of his officials as an example of the behavior of the crusaders. Our soldiers beheaded the enemy … Some were set on fire to cause more pain. There were many amputated heads, legs and hands in the streets.

Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi’s challenge did not end with the conquest of Jerusalem, but he hopes the Christian world will now try to save the news of the loss of a holy city like Jerusalem.

The chapter on their successful defense in the third crusade since the conquest of Jerusalem in 1187 spans almost five years, a crusade in which the great kings of Western Europe participated and convinced people from all over Europe to join the war. He was presented with the worst image of the Sultan, but those who went into battle not only failed to conquer Jerusalem, but also returned with another image of the Sultan that, despite all the propaganda, still stands today.

 

A 20th century painting about the arrival of Salahuddin Ayubi in Jerusalem

For example, Saladin Day is celebrated in Norway in October this year. The BBC Urdu Service contacted the House of Literature, a Norwegian organization that has been celebrating International Celebrity Day since 2009, and asked how someone in Norway got the idea to celebrate Salahuddin Day. .

Ashla, member of the organization and curator of Salahuddin Day, said the idea was first expressed in 2008 during the 200th birthday celebrations of Henrik Vergend, a Norwegian national poet. He said Henrik Vergeland was the poet who played a key role in introducing this amendment to the Norwegian Constitution that would allow Jews to enter the country. They are considered a symbol of religious tolerance.

“At the 2008 ceremony, the Norwegian writer Thorwald Stein suggested that we also hold a memorial day for Salahuddin to promote Vergeland’s thoughts on the conquest of Jerusalem,” said Lahald. The role he played on this occasion is a lesson from the coexistence of Jews, Christians and Muslims.

“As in Norway, perhaps very few people in Europe know Salahuddin, and in the eyes of those who know him they compare him to Richard Sherdell (the hero of the Crusades in Europe). And they believe that Salahuddin is a bad guy. Thanks to Salahuddin Day, he said, “We want to send a message that every story has two sides.”

Not only in Norway did the British Royal Navy appoint a warship HMS Celadon during World War I. Between 1959 and 1994, the British military built an armored vehicle called the Celadon. Knitting This is the same Britain from which King Richard Sherdell of England led the Christian army in the Third Crusade.

Jonathan Phillips writes: “I would say it is impossible to find any other example in history where a person has hurt the people of a nation and religion so much and yet has become popular with them.”

Before discussing the details of the nearly three-year conflict (the third crusade) between the army arriving from Europe to liberate Jerusalem from Muslim occupation and Sultan Salahuddin, we will talk about the past of Salahuddin and his family. And the atmosphere of jihad in which the Middle East’s expectations of the restoration of Jerusalem are clinging to them. “”

However, the man who defeated the west and conquered Jerusalem 800 years ago is considered an ideal figure. The British Royal Navy appointed a warship HMS Celadon during World War I, and between 1959 and 1994 the British Army built an armored vehicle called the Celadon. This is the same Britain from which King Richard Sherdell of England led the Christian army in the Third Crusade.

A British armored vehicle will be installed in the country’s Norfolk Tank Museum in honor of Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi. Contacted by the museum, he confirmed that the armored vehicle was named after Sultan Salahuddin.

Jonathan Phillips writes, “I would say it is impossible to find any other case in history where a person has hurt the people of a nation and religion so much and yet has become popular with them.”

Of particular importance is the relationship of Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi with the Caliph of Baghdad, the spiritual leader of the Sunni Islamic world, and the Fatimid Shia Ismaili Caliph of Egypt, and its mention is incomplete without mentioning another Muslim. Sultan Nur al-Din Zangi. The history of the formation of the Ayubi and Zangi families is closely related, and the Ayubi family was subordinate to the Zangi family.

Phillips writes that Sultan Salahuddin’s empire stretched from North Africa to the holy sites and Syria, and expanded its borders to the Tigris in what is now Iraq, of remarkably diverse religious, ethnic, and political origins. People were involved. Its history is full of bloody wars, but these wars have not always been direct battles between one religion and another.

In this story, Christians will meet Christians and Muslims will meet Muslims who are fighting. In this story, Muslims and Christians will meet while fighting other Muslims and Christians. In this story, people also switched parties and the fighting continued in new ways.

“Even then, at least like today, the situation on site was very different and confusing than the picture we can see from a distance. It was a mixture of ethnic, political, economic, and personal interests rather than just religious beliefs.

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